Get the Flash Player to see this player.


Professor Emerita of Classics
Office: 4048


Office Hours:by appointment

Full C.V.

Ph.D., Berkeley 1974
Roman social and cultural history; Attitudes toward animals in the ancient and modern world; Roman and Greek tragedy; Roman epistolography.


The Women of Pliny's Letters (Routledge 2012)

As the Romans Did (second edition, Oxford 1998)

Seneca's Hercules Furens: Theme, Structure, and Style (Göttingen 1978)

Selected Articles

"Spectacles of Animal Abuse," in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life (Oxford University Press 2014), pp. 461-477.

"The State and the Family" in A Cultural History of Childhood in Antiquity, Berg (2010) 115-231.

“Beastly Spectacles in the Ancient Mediterranean World” , in Cultural History of Animals, Berg (2007)   97-126. 2006

“Elephants as Enemies in Ancient Rome,” Concentric 32 (2006) 3-25.

"Putting Women in Their Place: Gender, Species and Hierarchy in Apuleius' Metamorphoses", in Defining Gender and Genre in Latin Literature, Peter Lang, New York (2005), pp. 301 - 329

"Dancing and Dying: The Display of Elephants in Ancient Rome Arenas", Daimonopylai, (ed. M. Joyal and R. Egan, Winnipeg 2004) 363-38

"The Spectacle of Death in Seneca's Troades", Seneca in Performance, (ed. George Harrison, London 2000) 87-118

"Elephants, Pompey and the Reports of Popular Displeasure in 55 B.C.", Veritatis Amicitiaeque Causa, (ed. S. Byrne and E. Cueva, Wauconda 1999) 231-271

"The Contributions of Ancient Greek Philosophy to the Modern Debates about Animal Use", Ancient Greece and the Modern World, (Patras 1998) 85-93

"Family Matters: The Structure and Dynamics of the Ancient Roman Family", Laetaberis 11 (1996) 1-27

"The Use and Abuse of Animals in Lucretius, De Rerum Natura", Eranos 94 (1996) 1-26

"Paradigm and Persuasion in Seneca's Ad Marciam", Classica et Medievalia 46 (1995) 157-188

"Contracts with Animals: Lucretius, De Rerum Natura", Between the Species 11 (1995) 115-121

Articles and Reviews

"Spectacles of Animal Abuse," in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life (Oxford University Press 2014), pp. 461-477.

"Decline of Paganism, Rise of Christianity: Why Christianity Became the Dominant Religion." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.

Review of Fabio Tutrone, Filosofi e animali in Roma antica: Modelli di animalità e umanità in Lucrezio e Seneca.  American Journal of Philology 134 (2013), pp. 709-713.

"Tuer les animaux qui ne cadrent pas: les dimensions morales de la restauration d'habitats," translation of 2004 article, in Sentients des villes, sentients des champs